Endowment Fund

Endowment fund is always held by a non-profit organization as invested capital in this fund need to use for only non-profit works. In endowment fund the principal amount must be retained and earnings from this fund only can use for operational works.

This fund integrated with non-profit organizations like collage, universities, NGO, hospitals, church etc.

Liquidity Ratio

Liquidity ratio measures the ability of a company to pay its current and long term liabilities. It’s the easiest way to know how much fund a company can raise and how much asset can convert into cash?

Liquidity ratio can be categorized into various types such as: Acid ratio, Cash ratio & current ration. 

Acid Ratio:  Acid ratio also called as quick ratio. Acid ration defines the ability of a company to meet its current and short term obligations with the use of its most liquid assets.

Calculation method:   Cash & cash equivalents + Accounts receivable + Short term investments / Current liabilities

Accounting Period

 

 

It’s the period for which financial statements prepared of an entity. One accounting period consists of 12 months. This time period can be from January to December (calendar year) or April to March (Fiscal Year).

Accounting period varies according to type of business. For example, if a business set forth on February 12 then its first accounting period would be from February 12 to February 28/ 29.

Again, if a business shut down on March 25 then its final accounting period would be from March 1 to March 25.  Accounting period pertain to only income and cash flow statements as balance sheet prepared on a specific date.

 

 

Dividends

Dividend is the share of profits of a company / entity with shareholders. After paying to its creditors company can share some or whole profit with its shareholders. Company can also skip paying dividends if it needs funds for reinvestment or any other business work.  Company also can decide the date and rate for dividend pay. Normally, dividend paid quarterly and monthly.

 

Decentralization

Decentralization refers to the delegation of the decision making and other powers of higher authority to the lower units or sub units.

Decentralization allows higher authority to invest their time in other areas for expand and growth of the business.

Sometimes this became sub-units took decision which is better for them not for the business.

Accumulated Depreciation

It’s the total cost of depreciation of an asset in a regular period of time till it exists. It shows the decreasing value of an asset over the period of time. Accumulated depreciation reflects in the balance sheet under accumulated account and this amount never ends at the end of a financial year, it carry forward to the next year.

Calculation: 

We can calculate the depreciation amount in three different ways mentioned below:

Continue reading “Accumulated Depreciation”

Annuity

Annuity:  

Annuity is an amount of fund invested by an individual or a financial institution in order to receive equal amount of money at equal time intervals. It can be defined as a fixed income source for an individual.

It’s an opportunity for an individual to raise a huge amount by investing less. Continue reading “Annuity”

What is Capital?

Capital is the total financial asset of a business. It includes cash-in-hand, cash-at-bank, building, furniture, machinery, land etc. Capital is categorized into two different types i.e. working capital, fixed capital.

Working Capital: Those assets or capital used or available for day-to-day operations are called as working capital.

To calculate working capital: working capital = current assets – current liabilities

Fixed Capital: Capital or assets like furniture, machinery is termed as fixed capital. Fixed capital is the biggest advantage for a business as these can be used in bad times to pay debts.

What is Ledger?

Ledger is a collection of different accounts like sales, purchase, income, expense etc. Every transaction should be placed in their respective ledger.
Ledger includes few accounts like assets, liabilities, income and expense, account receivable, accounts payable etc.

Here is an example:

 

What is a journal?

Journal:

In Journal all first transactions are recorded with specific date then these entries categorized into different accounts like sales, purchase etc. in a book called Ledger. In manual accounting all these entries need to be done manually but in accounting software respective ledger automatically created at the same time when we enter data in Journal.

Journal is of two types: single entry and double entry. In double entry each entry needs followed up with two accounts. This is another and detail form of journal entry.

Here is the Journal entry format:

Example:

 

Get all the posts in accounting terminologies series here

What’s accounting? Accounting terminologies

Accounting is the backbone of every business. Its very necessary for start-ups’ to have a clear and detail knowledge on all accounting terms to manage business finances easily also to have a better talk with investors. In this series we have compiled a list of basic accounting terms and its details to provide our users a better and in-depth knowledge on accounting.

Get all the posts in accounting terminologies series here

Accounting: Accounting is a way of keeping record of all financial transactions followed by summarization and analysis in the form of a book. Accounting also called as book keeping. It shows the financial health of a business which in turn will help the business owner to take better decisions for growth of the business.

Accounting provides detail information on available stock, budget, cash flow status, profit & loss status etc.

Recently companies are using cloud accounting softwares for easy and error free accounting. Also this is the best way to save time and money on accounting.

Accounting cycle:

Accounting Example:

 

This is just an example how entry items in a account using an online accounting software.

How to be a high performing employee and entrepreneur

NB: Read if you are a Student or Entrepreneur or Professional in a company.

For a very long time I have been thinking and practicing about how to improve people’s ability to be successful and in a way learning. It has always occurred to me why when a good tool or process is given to a good candidate result in higher output, but even better tools and processes fail for bad candidates.

The primary thing we all know is interest. But once that’s achieved you still suffer from bad output. Then I come across is intensity of interest. Then the motivation and gain of the intensity of interest. But still it was hard.

Then recently I concluded, everyone is missing some core things that they need to know to leverage and intensify their speed towards becoming the better self. The followings are key essential human characteristics that need to be correctly identified and practiced:

1. Motivation
2. Problem solving 101
3. Responsibility, Objective clarity and ownership
4. Science and engineering of successful networking and practice to leverage daily.
5. Effective Googling (Or, you can say effective way of asking question and finding answers)[because if you can’t google correctly you get garbage :P ]
6. Emotional intelligence (a basic average here is still good)

Each of these points have many broad steps if practiced will work really fast in your favor.

I think these foundations and principles of getting successful should be taught to entrepreneurs, professionals, students and even normal people in their curricula. Even Superman had Kryptonite :) These are actually not difficult and can be taught and practiced easily.

So I have started sessions for our employees weekly. In future I’ll conduct this in colleges we normally get interns and hires from. We hope we can get people who already practiced and acquainted in these processes.

We’ll continuously post things on our blog and what we discussed here each week. Please do subscribe to our blog to get the email notifications when we post new things. You can find the subscription form here: http://eepurl.com/b0-UQL

Saved search and complex budgeting : new feature

So last week we introduced a cool new feature called saved searches and we introduced a budgeting of such. With this tool you can save the search that you frequently do and a bit frustrated to filter the Cash summery every time.

Screenshot from 2015-11-21 12:42:15

As shown in the picture. Once you searched something in the cash summery, click on the star icon to save that search. You can keep the dates boundary for your search or keep it open for adjusting to any date.

Plus you can mention the budgets you want to create. You can do budgeting for either income or expense for now.

This kind of budgeting would help you in budgeting expenses for a particular project or for a particular  employee or activity that you tagged.

Screenshot from 2015-11-21 12:43:05

We’ll soon publish a video explaining what more and effective you can do with this tool. Till then ponder over your own ideas and create fabulous saved searches and budgets for them. And do let us know how it helped you.

Try it. See ya.

Growth can kill your business: Don’t plan your organisational growth before reading this

Companies with high employee retention issues are hard to succeed. As we are digging deeper into analytics we are becoming closer to have good maths on these points.
 
How much of new employees your existing organisation can handle and what’ll be it’s average and worst financial conditions.
 
We advice companies with high employee cost to revenue ratio, to keep an close eye on that ratio. If at any point that ratio is exceeding 0.4 points in any directions, your organisation will have trouble handling it.
 
So we’ld advice, have a process in place. And a good training program for new employees at the services that is giving you higher sales volume and higher profit. And keep an close eye on it. And keep ramping up sales here. But understand that ratio.
 
Grow up team in new services slowly. And so the sales.
 
Organisational turbulence is one metrics that takes most companies go down. But it’s hard to see early on. Often the problem arises after 5-6 months. And make it difficult to handle, even if you are highly profitable.
 
Growth kills more businesses at faster rate, and stability kills businesses at a slower rate. So keep growing, but understand stability keeps you liquid.
 
So before you keep growth on trajectory, ensure fund of at least 3 times that of CIH needed, hence a profit index of 200-300%.
 
If you are planning speeder growth and you are just 100% in profit index. Takes external investment of another 2times of CIH needed, suggested in Periodic Profitability Graph, within one month of beginning the growth implementation. And if in any moment during high growth, your profit index reaches 120% or below, ramp sales up and you need to keep that number there to not fall out pray of downward spiral.
 
For high growth, I mean to say at par or above 20% of your present organization head count.
 
Hope that helps.

Straightening the revenue curve

Once you’ve achieving recommended CIH, for couple of months and continuous good sales for 6-8 months, your next job as a business owner should be about straightening the revenue curve.

Might be now your revenue graph seems like this:


What you want to make it is like this:

Look we are not growing our revenues like anything, but we are ensuring our revenues curve straightens towards top. This ensures we can at least have this many revenue at any given month. It removes the basic fear of decision making if you don’t know if your next month sales will plummet. This also can help you in planning your hiring, fund planning, stock planning etc. This makes you now a serious businessman.

Now if we study the current graph of yours it might be a result of the issue of sales or product delivery. But now an effective CEO needs to ensure his curves are straightened on top of which he can make baseline decisions as we just discussed above.

Now let’s see the few steps necessary to make it happen:

  1. Ensure your sales guys are motivated continuously, well trained, and perfectly compensated.
  2. Ensure your delivery people have tools to make work faster.
  3. Ensure you created and operational structure & efficiency into the system.
  4. Ensure you align your company according to a profitable market segment.
  5. Now push the sales & hire if necessary.

And now ensure minimum target is set and make sure your organisation achieve it each month or quarter. Hope it helps :)

Ask us if you need any help doing these planning inside SlickAccount.

Are you selling it right?

I’m not a good marketer. Neither a good sales person. ( my mom warned me not to use businessman and salesman in my words, so I’m writing sales person 😛 ) But when I’m in sales mood my conversion rates in sales go real higher. So here is a little secrete that can improve your sales much higher, as high as 20-35%. Especially effective for people who also understand what their service or product really is.

When meeting a customer don’t talk project or price from the start. Listen to your customers explaining why they want the product in the first place. In web design business, I used to ask, “What do you think a website can do for you?” or like, “Why do you want a website for your business?” You know it’s different than I’m telling what we do and how we are different.

Then listen. Listen till they drain up all their motivations and influencers who told them to make a website in the first place. This is really wonderful. You get to know who they really are. What’s the situation of their business. How their friends make them to think about designing a website can solve their issues. I heard like “My offline business is doing good. But you know I’m missing ways to scale up my market reach and sales. My XYZ friend who came for a dinner last month told me by creating a website I can get lots of inquiries from people who are searching for services like me. Also my YYN I HATE THAT GUY competitor is growing by creating a website.”

Then see when influencers are these, you can’t talk a lot about branding and colors. You should be better talking about if this piece of design can solve their issue. You also need to tell, what else may be required to scale this up too, like may be SEO etc. if you want.

Then I agree to what he said, “Yes! We could improve the sales of XXR OF OUR SWEET CLIENT to some X% by creating a better website.” And they inquire more and I try to confine the discussion to few more lines.

Then I ask, “How does your company want to represent it to your client? What’s the way you do market? And what your customers ask you often when doing sales?” or “I heard about XX company in your space. How is your solution or customer segment is different than them?” See here you are gathering ways you can make them successful online too. For new businesses it may be difficult to get a real picture.

Then listen to them carefully. See I don’t talk the design, look and feel of the website. I talk about their vision of their own company. Listen to phrases like “We want to be caring”, “We are actually good at XX, which can solve XX in the whole process”, “We make products with lot of care and heart”, “As we grow we want to be different than other companies and make our customers save more”, “We hate this, the other company is doing”. If you are listening to stuffs like our customers love it, then it’s time making customers the center piece.

Understand, for every company owner, his company is really good and he wants his company should look good as their sales man. And frankly they don’t know what color is best for them or what style, they just saw it somewhere or think of that would be best. It’s your job to recommend them a color. But understand their brand color and why these colors are or should be there. If indeed.

And when it comes to telling about price, just tell what your best upper price is. Never hesitate to tell. Or else they’ll feel you are cheating them. If they are that comfortable, which often they become, when they reach to this point. They would tell either “OK! that sounds good when should I pay?” or they would tell, “look I don’t have this amount of money?” or “The others say XX REAL LOW PRICE, your price is really high”.

If you get the first one then congratulations. You owe me a treat :P

If you got the last two, this is the time to tell why you are different. They just experienced a bit of it. It’ll help them compare the money they are paying vs the benefit they’ll get for it. If possible you can give them a ROI demo. And then tell how taking low money like others force you not to do good work. Explain them your expenses including salaries etc. if you can. People don’t want to hurt you. They would be OK and love to help you and also themselves.

If they stick to the price stuff, you should understand they are not yet well convinced. Often I say thank you at this stage, because I knew my time is much worthier. And I say “loved talking to you, You can look for X, Y and Z good designer out there who work at low price. They may help you? Wishes for your business, it’s just that my expenses are little higher and I can’t help reduce it :)” Don’t make them feel guilty. Sometimes they bring you more clients or comeback when they have money.

But if you feel the customer worth it, then you can ask, “What should be the price, you think?” And tell “See I can provide you this much in that price and you’ll be loosing XXX”. Look customers love getting value more than the discounts, though discounts can quicken the process. Read my upcoming book “3 Ways to Price: Part-I” releasing coming Sunday, before giving a discount.

Understand sometimes customers really don’t have money to pay you. That’s OK. If you can’t help with price, just refer them to others. I usually tell “Ask me any other help when you need like advise on designs if I’ll have time, I’d love you help you grow.” Sometimes I sit with the customer to figure out where they should start with the little money and then as some money flows in how to improve bit by bit.

But if you need to get to the conclusion. You need to understand why something is important for them and why they put money into it. Customers often don’t tell you what they exactly need from a service and you can’t guess either. Better ask them to explain, why it’s important. You’ll figure things out much better.

Low pricing businesses. Here is rule no 1 to stay profitable

We see many businesses trying to get a lot of income in a highly competitive market by providing their services and product really cheap. While this is not a bad thing to be known as Low Price King if you did your maths on pricing and how to deliver in the budget, many among you file losses due to avoidance of Rule No1 of this market. i.e. “Be Lean & Stick to the plan”

You could be able to provide products because you figured out the volume to sell, maintaining the operation etc. Like in the case of Wal-Mart or BigBazaar in India, they have a very great supply chain to make them be able to do it.

So it’s important for your business not to be slightly over budget in any field. The major problem comes in Operations. You need to be lean and should use perfect tools and checks (bound by time & budget) in place to do so.

Let me give you an example:

If a small shop will sell 500 pieces of AwesomeCheapThing at $1 each day with a profit margin of just 5cents, he gets (5×500)/100 = $25 in profit each day. Let’s see if one day its supply truck came late by just 1 hour which reduced its sell to mere 450 pieces for that day. He lost 5×50 = $2.5 on direct sell. But if we analyze what he actually lost, we got to know he pays his sells man for that 1 hour without selling anything + electricity cost etc + he spent little extra for inventory of that 50 pieces which made his loss to little more higher making that product price to sell at $1.5. But we guys have a tendency to neglect such minor stuff and we just think that we lost only $2.5 for that day.

But the guy who is selling it at $10 and sells only 3 pieces may not have that much of trouble and all extras can be adjusted to his profit.

So if you guys operate in a low-profit environment, being lean and on time makes sense else you might be doing just another business that’s losing the only issue here is that you don’t know where you lost it. You can stick as some high strength glue to your operation plans. Losing is not a bad thing but knowing where exactly you lost is really crucial for you.